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Recent Advances in Microwave Promoted C-P Cross-coupling Reactions

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 2 ]


Sujit Ghosh, Kinkar Biswas and Basudeb Basu*   Pages 112 - 122 ( 11 )


Organophosphorous compounds are of potential importance in diverse fields. They are often used as intermediates for making functionalized phosphine ligands as well as find vast applications in the areas of industrial, agricultural and biological chemistry. The microwave-assisted synthesis of C-P bonds has become increasingly popular because of its various advantages over conventional heating in the perspectives of green chemistry.

This review article has primarily focused on the synthesis of various organophosphorous molecules via microwave promoted C-P cross-coupling reactions under metal-catalyzed or metal–free conditions over the last two decades. The synthesis of phosphine ligands on 4,4′-bisquinolone structural framework, disubstituted phosphinic acid esters, vinyl phosphines, aryl- and vinylphosphonates, sugar and nucleoside phosphonates, aminobisphosphonates, triphenyl phosphines, water-soluble tertiary phosphine oxides and many other potentially useful organophosphorous compounds have been illustrated critically. The Hirao reaction, Michaelis-Arbuzov reaction and Sandmeyer type of reactions are generally involved in creating C-P bonds. The role of various metal catalysts, solvents, bases, additives and temperature in different literatures are carefully discussed.


Organophosphorous, C-P bonds, cross-coupling, hirao reaction, michaelis-Arbuzov, microwave.


Department of Chemistry, Raiganj Surendranath Mahavidyalaya, Raiganj 733134, Department of Chemistry, Raiganj University, Raiganj 733134, Department of Chemistry, Raiganj University, Raiganj 733134

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